Orthopaedic Injuries

Physio In The Six Inc. offers comprehensive physiotherapy treatments for sports and orthopaedic injuries, including holistic approaches to treatments using Blood Flow Restriction Therapy (BFR), motion guidance laser feedback training, acupuncture, and Registered Massage Therapy. With time and dedication, our highly skilled team will get you off the sidelines and back into the game for good!

What are Orthopaedic Injuries?

Orthopaedic injuries are very common and can happen to anyone regardless if you are an elite athlete, weekend warrior or someone who accidentally stepped on an uneven surface and fell.

Orthopaedic injuries involve any injury to the musculoskeletal system, which includes, bones, ligaments, joints, tendons, nerves and muscles. Orthopaedic injuries can range from a sprained ankle to a wrist fracture, and may affect your ability to move properly. Although it is unlikely that minor injuries will cause serious problems or prevent you from participating and performing daily activities, severe orthopaedic injuries can have a significant impact on your quality of life.

Some quick terminology:

  • Joints: The point where 2 bones interconnect
  • Tendon: Attaches muscle to bone
  • Ligaments: Attaches bone to bone
  • Skeletal Muscles: Contract to pull on tendons, which results in movement of bones. Also maintain posture and support soft tissue
  • Cartilage: Connective tissues (there are different types of cartilage);
    • Hyaline Cartilage: most common type, provides stiff support
    • Elastic Cartilage: provides support but can undergo distortion without causing damage, and can return to its original shape
    • Fibrocartilage: prevents bone to bone contact, resists compression and limits relative movement
      **Damaged cartilage heals poorly and damaged fibrocartilage in joints can interfere with normal movements

Some of the most common types of orthopaedic injuries are:

    • Neck and back injuries
    • Shoulder injuries
    • Pulled muscles
    • Fractures 
    • Spinal injuries
    • Ligament injuries
  • Dislocations

Recovery times for orthopaedic injuries can vary depending on the injury themselves and the extent of what is currently going on. While smaller sprains may resolve themselves, serious injuries can take time to fully heal.

The goal of physiotherapy is to try and reduce your long-term discomfort and pain, all while increasing your strength and continued mobility.

What is the Musculoskeletal System (MSK)?

The musculoskeletal system consists of specialized cells known as muscle fibres, and their main function is contraction. The contraction of muscle fibres serves to provide the body with movement, posture, joint stability and heat production. The skeleton provides the rigid framework which aids in supporting and protecting the soft organs in the body. The joints, bones and skeletal muscles create obvious movements in the body, such as walking and running, but the skeletal muscles also work to create subtle movements that result in facial expressions, eye movement and breathing. Muscle contraction also leads to posture, such as standing and sitting. The tendons play a major role in joint stability as a result of their position being extended over joints, most evident in the knee and shoulder joints. The musculoskeletal system as a whole is a major contributor to everyday functions and is therefore a very important system that needs to be properly maintained and cared for.

What is Sports Physiotherapy? 

At Physio In The Six Inc. we know that each sport comes with its own risks and potential injuries. Knowing how to prevent as well as treat different injuries provides the optimal outcome for an athlete to return to sport or continue sport at the highest and safest level of performance. Sports physiotherapy or sports physical therapy is a focused area of practice that requires skills and knowledge in manual physiotherapy, exercise prescription, knowledge of how to use advanced modalities as well as understanding various sports and fitness activities.

There are three primary types of sports injuries that require physiotherapy:

    • Acute injuries: these are injuries that are caused by sudden impact(s), tears or strains. Common injuries include torn ligaments or broken bones.
    • Overuse injuries: these injuries stem from insufficient rest periods between activity which causes injuries to joints, muscles and sometimes bone. Although these injuries are not as sudden as acute injuries, they can be just as debilitating when they arise. Common injuries include golfers or tennis elbow.
  • Chronic injuries: these injuries occur when acute injuries fail to heal properly or through long term overuse. If the injury is repetitive, recurring, or has lasted a long time without relief it is categorized as a chronic injury.

How Long is Recovery?

Depending on the extent of the injury as well as the individual’s lifestyle recovery time is difficult to pinpoint exactly. Serious injuries can take a long time to heal and may require surgical insertion of plates, nails and screws, which could lead to further pain and irritation.These injuries require a period of recovery and rehabilitation in order to return back to normal. A professional assessment and subsequent treatments are highly recommended in order for your physiotherapist to determine the best plan for your recovery and to prevent a recurrence from occurring.

What is Preventative/Preventive Physiotherapy?

Although many people think of physiotherapy as a solution for after injury, physiotherapy is also effective in helping preventing injuries from occurring as well. Preventative physiotherapy works to build one’s mobility, flexibility and strength in people of all ages and lifestyle. We can help you with increasing your range of motion, flexibility and sometimes circulation. Ask one of our physiotherapists today for more details on preventive physiotherapy.  

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